Ministers are preparing to order further action in response to the spread of the Indian variant of coronavirus as new figures show cases have more than doubled in a week.
While Covid-19 cases in most areas of the UK are at their lowest levels since August last year, there are concerns the Indian variant could see cases jump back up.
Data from Public Health England (PHE) shows a rise in cases from 520 to 1,313 this week in the UK, with the agency saying cases were “rising in the community” and it was assessing the impact and severity of the variant.
One response being considered is bringing forward the date for a second dose of vaccine for eligible groups to increase protection.
Health Secretary Matt Hancock said the situation was being monitored carefully and the Government “will not hesitate to take further action if necessary”.
However, a small number of areas are seeing a rise in cases as the India variant spreads across the UK.
The Prime Minister has said there is “increasing concern” about the variant and warned the emergence of further new variants “pose a potentially lethal danger”.
Where is the India variant dominant?
Surge testing has been under way in parts of Bolton since 7 May, after Public Health England (PHE) confirmed the town is one of the main locations of the India variant, which was reclassified as a ‘variant of concern’ last week.
Cases of the variant in England increased from 202 to 520 as of 7 May, according to PHE figures, with almost half of these related to travel or contact with a traveller.
The majority of cases of the India Covid strain are concentrated in the north-west of England, predominantly in Bolton, and in London.
The variant is also thought to be the reason behind half of coronavirus infections in Bedford, Blackburn with Darwen and South Northamptonshire, although these outbreaks are still small.
Greater Manchester Mayor Andy Burnham has submitted a request to the Joint Committee on Vaccination and Immunisation that all over-16s in Bolton, along with the rest of the Greater Manchester area, are able to receive a Covid-19 vaccination “to mitigate the risks of spread in those communities where we are seeing more transmission”.
There are also around 20 to 30 cases of the India variant in parts of Scotland, including Glasgow, with these cases again connected to travel.
What is the India variant?
The India Covid variant, officially known as B.1.617, was first detected in India in October.
It has been designated a “variant of concern” by PHE as it is thought to be at least as transmissible as the variant detected in Kent last year, known as B117, which is now dominant in the UK.
PHE said there is currently no evidence to suggest that the new Indian variant is more serious than previous mutations, nor is there evidence which indicates that this version of the Indian variant is resistant to current vaccines.
Health experts said they “haven’t seen any hint” of a current Covid variant that can fully evade the effectiveness of vaccines.
On Wednesday (12 May), the European Medicines Agency said it was “pretty confident” that vaccines currently in use will be effective against the Indian variant, a view that has been echoed by some British scientists.
However, Professor James Naismith from the University of Oxford said not enough is known to say for sure whether the variant could frustrate the UK’s vaccination programme.
Speaking on BBC Radio 4’s Today programme, he said: “The vaccines don’t 100 per cent prevent infection for people.
“What they do is, they almost 100 per cent prevent hospitalisation and serious illness.
“We don’t know enough to know yet whether the Indian strain will behave differently than that.
“So even the regular virus can infect people who have been vaccinated and sometimes you do get reinfection.”
Could the variant delay lockdown ending?
The growing number of India Covid variant cases in the UK has sparked concerns that the lifting of lockdown restrictions, which is set for 21 June in England, could now be delayed.
Ministers have also not ruled out re-introducing local lockdowns in areas where the variant of concern is increasing.
Foreign Office minister James Cleverly said that the government will make decisions based on the data, and measures will be eased “at a pace and in a way which is safe”.
Symptoms to look for
The main symptoms of coronavirus to look for include:
- a high temperature – this means you feel hot to touch on your chest or back (you do not need to measure your temperature)
- a new, continuous cough – this means coughing a lot for more than an hour, or three or more coughing episodes in 24 hours (if you usually have a cough, it may be worse than usual)
- a loss or change to your sense of smell or taste – this means you’ve noticed you cannot smell or taste anything, or things smell or taste different to normal
Most people with symptoms have at least one of these symptoms, although some do not experience any. As such, it is advised that everyone gets tested regularly to help prevent further spread of the virus.